Yangon & Environments
Yangon the capital City, is the main gateway to Myanmar.
Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and
beautiful lakes, Yangon has earned the name of "the Garden
City of the East." Relatively simple city without
skyscrapers, neon-lit clamor, crowded squalor & the pace of
modern life, Yangon is attractive in its own special way.
Yangon was founded by 'King Alaungphaya' on the site of a
small settlement called 'Dagon' when he conquered the Lower
Myanmar in 1755. The name 'Yangon' means "end of strife"
which was anglicized to 'Rangoon' after the British annexed
Myanmar in 1885. At present, 'Yangon' covers about 500 sq.
km and have the population of over 5 million.
PLACES OF INTEREST IN YANGON AREAS
The historic Shwedagon Pagoda, which towers almost 98
metres (326 feet) above the green city-scope of Yangon,
never fail to enchant visitors. The shimmering main stupa
soars high above the capital and is visible for miles
One of the wonders of the world, the Shwedagon Pagoda is
believed to be the earliest Pagoda of Buddha Era and it had
been built on the Singottara Hill more than 2500 years ago.
The Pagoda was renovated many times over the centuries by
various Myanmar Kings.
|There are many pagodas in Myanmar but few were come
closer to it in scale or beauty. It is not just one main
stupa but a complex of many stupas. Around the principle
stupa is a cluster of smaller stupas, temples, shrines,
prayer halls, pavilions, religious images and statues.
Lengthy staircases lined with stalls selling religious
articles, Sliver wares, Souvenirs, Lacquer wares,
handicrafts, flowers , ceremonial umbrella, and etc.
The best time to visit Shwedagon Pagoda is at sunset when
its gilded stupa is bathed in the fading rays of the sun &
takes on a magical glow. A visit to Myanmar is incomplete
without a visit to Shwedagon.
It is situated right in the center of Yangon-beside the
Myanmar Travels & Tours Office, Mahabandoola Park and
Independence Monument, City Hall & Supreme Court. Sule
Pagoda is said to be over 2,000 years old and to enshrine a
hair of Buddha. "Mon" name " Kyaik Athok" translated as "the
pagoda where a Sacred Hair Relic is enshrined." The golden
pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continuous
right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It stands 46 metres
high and is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar
non- religious services such as astrologers, palmists, photo
studios, mini-stores, etc.
Kaba Aye Pagoda
The name "Kaba Aye" in Myanmar means "World Peace" to
which this pagoda is dedicated. Built in 1952. this pagoda
is significant for the Sixth World Buddhist Synod which was
held in its large precinct in 1954. The Buddhist Art Museum,
Maha Pasana Cave and newly built Wizaya Mingala Dhammathabin
Hall are also located in the same precinct.
Chauk Htat Gyi Reclining Buddha Statue
Located on Shwegondaing Road, this colossal 70 metres
long 0 Reclining Buddha Statue is one of the largest in
Myanmar. The original image was built in 1907. But, it have
suffered damage due to climate over the years. In 1957, it
was demolished and rebuilt to this structure in 1966.
" Bo" means " Military Leader " and " Tahtaung" means "
one thousand " ,The "Botathaung" pagoda was named after the
thousand military leaders who escorted relics of the
"Buddha" brought from India over 2,000 years ago. Its hollow
inside can walk through and a sort of mirrored maze inside
the pagoda with glass showcases containing many of the
ancient relics and artifacts which were sealed inside the
earlier pagoda. Above this interesting interior, the golden
pagoda spire rises to 40 metres.
Bogyoke Aung San Market
Bogyoke Market (Scott Market), a shopping center of
Yangon. It was first built and inaugurated on the present
premises in 1926. It was named Scott Market after Mr. C.
Scott, the then Municipal Commissioner . Nowadays, the name
was changed to our national leader General Aung San who was
assassinated in 1947. There are some 2,000 shops selling
luxury items, handicrafts, foodstuffs, clothing, jewellery,
fashion & consumer goods. The market is open daily from 8:00
AM to 6:00 PM except Mondays and gazetted holidays. Even
though it's open at 8:00 AM, 10:00 AM would be the best time
to visit, when the entire market is opened.
Myanmar are and crafts, mostly pure hand-made, are best
souvenirs and prices are very reasonable. Lacquer-wares,
wood and ivory carvings, tapestries, silverwares, brasswares,
silk and cotton fabrics and bags ( especially traditional
sling bags ) are some of the favourite items. For jewellery,
there are Myanmar a ruby, sapphires, jades and pearls
available at the authorized Myanmar gems shops.
ENVIRONMENT OF YANGON
Thanlyin ( Syriam )
Only 45 minutes by ferry along Ngamoyeik Creek and Bago
River and about 30 minutes drive from Ynagon by car or by
train through " Thanlyin Bridge" which was constructed by
the aid of People's Republic of China. and one of the
Biggest & Longest bridge in Myanmar.Thanlyin was an
important trading centre in the 17th century under the
Portuguese Colonial Administration - Old buildings can be
seen in Thanlyin. Kyaikkhauk Pagoda and Yele Pagoda (a
pagoda on a small island) at Kyauktan are worth visiting.
Ferries for Thanlyin leave lower Pazundaung jetty every
hour. In the future, Thanlyin Area will be one of the
Industrial and Economic Zones of the country according to
the government plan.
A boat cruise to Twantay (24 km from Yangon) along the
Twantay Canal takes about two hours. Twantay is noted for
its pottery and cotton-weaving industries and it also
affords visitors an opportunity to see along the canal.