MYANMAR IN BRIEF
Myanmar historical dates back to the early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the first Myanmar Empire in Bagan more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Bagan Empire encompassed the area of present-day Myanmar and the entire Menan Valley in Thailand & lasted two centuries. The second Myanmar Empire was founded in mid 16th Century by King Baying Naung, King Alaung Phaya, founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of the empire when British moved into Myanmar. Like India, Myanmar became a British colony but only after Anglo Myanmar Wars broke out in 1825, 1852, & 1885. During the Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till the return of the Allied Forces in 1945. Myanmar has became a sovereign independent state since 4th January 1948 after 62 years under the colonial administration. It is remarkable to note that Myanmar is the country that regained her independence first though she was the last country occupied by the British in the region.
Myanmar has a total area of 676,577 sq. km, it is twice the size of Vietnam and about the size of United Kingdom & France combined. Geographically, Myanmar is the largest country of the South East Asian Peninsula sharing borders with Bangladesh, China, Laos & Thailand.
Myanmar has the effects of the monsoon in different parts of the country. Temperature varies from 38 C' to 19 C'; humidity from 82.2% to 66 %.
Myanmar has three distinctive seasons; namely, hot ( March to May ), rainy (June to October ) and cool ( November to February ).
The temperature in Myanmar by months.
MYANMAR WEATHER BY THE FAMOUS CITIES
Myanmar is the lingua franca. English is widely understood in cities like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan etc. Cantonese, Fukienese, and Madarin can be used in the business circles here.
Over 80% of the Myanmars are Buddhists.
There are also Christians, Muslims, Hindus and even some
animists. However, there is full freedom of worship for
follows of other religions. Christian missionaries have been
active in Myanmar for over 150 years. Among them, the
American Baptists were first on the scene.
Myanmar lies on the cross-roads of two of the world's great civilization- China and India. Its culture is a blend of both interspersed with Myanmar native traits and characteristics. Buddhism has great influence on daily life of the Myanmar. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders, reverence for Buddhism and simple native dress. Myanmars are known for their simple hospitality and friendliness.
Myanmar is a union of many nationalities;
speaking over one hundred languages and dialects. The term '
Myanmar' embraces all nationalities. The major races are the
Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine & Shan.
There are 7 states & 7 divisions in Myanmar.
The population of Myanmar is at the present over 42,642,000. The average household size is estimated at 3 or 4 people. As regards education in Myanmar (according to the figure of 1993 ) , the literacy rate stood at 81%. Yangon (Rangoon ) is has a population of nearly 5 million. Other cities with a large population are Mandalay, Bago, and Pathein.
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